When museums and collectors purchase archaeological items for their collections they enter an expensive and potentially deceptive commercial fine arts arena.
Healthy profits are to be made from illicitly plundered ancient sites or selling skillfully made forgeries.
The less Carbon-14 that is left, the older the sample.
This is particularly the case with different types of archaeological dating, which fall on different scales of measurement and are thus not directly comparable to each other.
This post is an attempt to explain Stevens’s system and show where different types of archaeological dating fall within it and why it matters.
The underlying principle of stratigraphic analysis in archaeology is that of superposition.
This term means that older artefacts are usually found below younger items.