The territory was colonized by Spain during the 16th century, achieving independence in 1820 as part of Gran Colombia, from which it emerged as its own sovereign state in 1830.The legacy of both empires is reflected in Ecuador's ethnically diverse population, with most of its 15.2 million people being mestizos, followed by large minorities of European, Amerindian, and African descendants.The country is classified as a medium-income country. The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.Ecuador nightlife varies widely from large cities of Quito and Guayaquil to the smaller towns of Banos and Montanita.Gregorian dates follow the same rules but tend to be written in the format (Day first, month number, and year in right-to-left writing direction) in Arabic language.Long format: d mmmm yyyy or mmmm dd, yyyy (Day first, full month name, and year or first full month name, day, and year, in left-to-right writing direction) in Afar, French and Somali and (Day first, month number and year in right-to-left writing direction) format in Arabic language.There are no official standard for numeric date format, although the traditional format is the most widely used. 'month name' yyyy and in handwriting d/m-yy or d/m yyyy are also acceptable.
Since 2006, the old format (d)d.(m)m.(yy)yy is allowed again as alternative to the yyyy-mm-dd format in areas where there is no risk of ambiguation. (Day first, month number, and year in right-to-left writing direction) format in N'ko language. Almost all government documents need to be filled up in the DD-MM-YYYY format.There is extreme risk to your security within 20 kilometres of the border with Colombia, except for the official crossing town of Tulcan in the province of Carchi, due to the threat from kidnapping and organised and drug-related crime and we advise against all travel to this area.There is high risk to your security in northern province of Sucumbios due to the threat from kidnapping and organised and drug-related crime and we advise against all tourist and other non-essential travel.Long format: D MMMM YYYY (Day first, month and year in left-to-right writing direction) for French and Fulah and yyyy. An example of DD-MM-YYYY usage is the passport application form.Though not yet a common practice, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) of the Government of India introduced the standard named "IS 7901 (Revised in 2006) Data Elements And Interchange Formats – Information Interchange – Representation Of Dates And Times" which officially recommends use of the date format YYYYMMDD in Persian Calendar system ("yy/m/d" is a common alternative).Spanish is the official language and is spoken by a majority of the population, though 13 Amerindian languages are also recognized, including Quichua and Shuar.The capital city is Quito, while the largest city is Guayaquil.During the Summer, it’s common for Ecuadorians from around the country to vacation in Montanita.There’s a whole contingent of young people from nearby Guayaquil who would prefer to escape the city for the beach every weekend.Every Ecuadorian city features a Zona Rosa, or main nightlife district, where you’ll find the highest density of bars, discotecas (clubs), and restaurants. In Guayaquil, there are a few places, with Las Penas being the safest and most easily accessible.In Cuenca, you’ll find the Zona Rosa along Calle Larga, within easy walking distance of the historic center.In reflection of the country's rich cultural heritage, the historical center of Quito was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978.Ecuador has a developing economy that is highly dependent on commodities, namely petroleum and agricultural products.Generally speaking, the larger cities which feature modern bars and discotecas will cost you more than grabbing a beer in the Amazon, mountains, or beach.